[Role of drug transporters in the central nervous system].

Cím[Role of drug transporters in the central nervous system].
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsErdő F, Temesszentandrási-Ambrus C, Beéry E
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Start Page370
Kulcsszavakblood–brain barrier, central nervous system, membrane transporters, neurodegenerative diseases

Although the presence of blood-brain barrier in the mammalian organisms was discovered in the early 1900s, its precise structure and the drug transporter proteins localized in the blood-brain barrier were identified only in the last decades. Beside the ATP-binding cassette transporter proteins responsible for the protection of the brain, the Solute Carrier transporters play also an important role in the function of the central nervous system by its feeding, energy supply and cleaning function during the metabolism. This review provides an overview on the main types of transporters located in the brain, on their localization in different cell types and the main techniques for their investigation. In the second part of this article various neurodegenerative disorders and the pathology-related transporter proteins are presented. In the light of recent experimental results new therapeutic strategies may come into the focus of research for the treatment of disorders currently without effective therapy.